Notes that little research has been conducted to determine the motivations of hate crime offenders. This article builds on an earlier work of J. Levin and J. McDevitt (1993) in which a typology of offender motivations was first articulated. We reanalyze 169 Boston police case files that were originally studied in order to provide empirical grounding for the typology. In this updated study, characteristics of the 3 original motives-thrill, defensive, and mission-are examined in relation to a new category: retaliatory motivation. In addition, the article addresses the issue of levels of culpability in explaining the most appropriate sanctions for certain kinds of hate offenders.
Link al sito della rivista: